The Learning and Teaching as Communicative Actions Theory (LTCA) is a framework building on the works of Habermas. This theory “seeks to improve human communication towards instructional and learning goals” (Wakefield, Warren, Alsobrook, 2011, p. 568). The four communicative actions (normative, strategic, constative, dramaturgical) are detailed and each is related to an action of this study.
Normative-first goal of educational communicative action, provide rules for participation and learning goals.
Strategic-transmission of objective knowledge to students, responding to weekly readings
Constative-dialogue between two, give and take in making claims
Dramaturgical-self-expression, expressing real-life experiences
The LTCA table in this article provides an instructional design principle and design direction for each communicative action. I thought this is a helpful table for implementation into the classroom. The importance of discourse between students and instructors is especially important in the online classroom. The study found that using Twitter encouraged discourse and overall, improved the class experience. Implementing social media and Web 2.0 tools into the classroom is a research interest and I was surprised by some of the results. Females view the use of Twitter more positively than males, not too surprising, but Facebook was preferred over Twitter for future use in the classroom-surprising. Learning can expand through access to resources such as Twitter depending on how the tool is integrated. Overall, this article provided important information about the importance of mutual understanding through communication, and confirmed my understanding of Habermas.
Wakefield, J.S., Warren, S.J., & Alsobrook, M. (2011). Learning and teaching as communicative actions: A mixed-methods Twitter study. Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal 3(4), 563-584.